One of the keys to solving a Rosettagram® is of course determining which language each version of the cipher is written in. Even without solving the cryptogram itself it is usually possible (given a large enough sample of the cipher) to figure out the language. One of the easiest things to do when sizing up a cipher is to do the math. That is 1. determine how many different symbols are used, actually list them and 2. count how many times each symbol is used in the ciphertext. Then 3. compare that set of values to the values of known letter frequency charts for known languages like German, English, Spanish, French, Latin, etc.
Listed below are letter frequency distributions for several languages. Experts on the subject point to LANAKI cryptography lessons as the place to start. The LANAKI lessons are online and can be accessed at the following website: http://www.fortunecity.com/skyscraper/coding/379/lesson1.htm
Lessons 1, 5,6,&7 contain most if not all of the letter frequency charts you'll need, where else can you get a letter frequency chart for Catalan?
ENGLISH: 13 9 8 7 6 4 3 2 1 <1 E T AO INR HS DL CFPU MWY BGV JKQXZ
10 9 7 6 4 3 <2 LATIN: I E UTA SRN OM CPL (bal)
18 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 <1 FRENCH: E AN RSIT UO L D CMP VB F-Y
18 11 8 7 5 4 3 2 <1 GERMAN: E N I RS ADTU GHO LBM CW (bal)
13 12 11 9 7 6 5 3 2 <1 ITALIAN: E A I O L NRT SC DMO'U VG (bal)
20 10 7 6 5 4 3 2 <1 DUTCH: E N IAT O DL S GKH UVWBJMPZ (bal)
13 9 8 7 5 4 3 1 <1 SPANISH: EA O S RNI DL CTU MP GYB (bal)
Now how to use these numbers, LANAKI explains what they mean below:
The following is an excerpt from LANAKI Lesson 1
Friedman was the
first to employ the principle that English
Other important data on English ( based on Hitt's Military Text):
6 Vowels: A E I O U Y = 40 %